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Sunday, 21 September 2014

Basic Ingredient Substitutions

Just because you cant buy or don't have that particular ingredient in your kitchen cupboard, it does not mean you cant cook the recipe. I cook with what I have handy at my home. I really don't go about searching for ingredients which I seldom use or hard to find.  And this means I substitute alot very often. So I have shared with you a list of substitution for ingredients which are (sometimes / always) not available in the pantry of an amateur cook. Ingredients include both that are used in cooking and baking. I hope you will find this helpful.

INGREDIENT
INGREDIENT QTY
SUBSTITUTE IT WITH
SUBSTITUTION QUANTITY
All Spice
1 tsp
1/2 tsp Cinnamon Powder + 1/2 tsp Ginger Powder + 1/2 tsp Clove Powder

Almond Meal
1 Cup / 100 gms
To make your own almond meal. place 1 cup (100 grams) (240 ml) sliced (blanched (skins off) or natural (skins on)) almonds with 1 tablespoon (14 grams) granulated white sugar in a blender or food processor and process until finely ground.  Sugar or flour is added to the almonds to prevent clumping as it absorbs the oil exuded from the almonds.  Toasting the almonds first dries them which also helps to prevent clumping.
1 Cup / 100 gms
Almond Paste
1 1/3 cups

1 1/3 cups (320 ml) (300 grams)1 3/4 cups (175 grams) (420 ml) ground blanched almonds plus 1 1/2 cups (175 grams) (360 ml) powdered (confectioners or icing) sugar plus 1 large egg white (30 grams) plus 1 teaspoon almond extract plus 1/4 teaspoon salt

.

Arrowroot Starch
1 tbsp
Cornstarch / potato starch
1 tbsp


OR Plain Flour
2 tbsp
Baking Powder Double Acting
1 tsp for every 1 cup of flour
Single Acting Baking Powder
1.5 tsp
Baking Powder Single Acting
1 tsp
Double Acting Baking Powder
⅔ tsp
Brown Sugar
1 Cup Packed
1 Cup White Sugar + ¼ cup molasses and decrease liquid in recipe by ¼ cup

Bread Flour
1 Cup / 160 gms
All Purpose Flour
1 Cup / 130 gms
Buttermilk
1 Cup
1 Cup Whole Milk + 1 tbsp Lemon Juice rest for 10 mins

OR ¼ Cup milk + ¾ cup of plain yogurt

Cake Flour
1 Cup / 120 gms
3/4th cup All purpose flour + 2 tbsp Cornstarch

Chocolate Unsweetened
30 gms
3 tbsp Natural Cocoa Powder + 1 tbsp Unsalted Butter / Vegetable Oil

Cocoa Powder Unsweetened
3 tbsp
3 tbsp Dutch Processed Cocoa Powder + ⅛ tsp Creme of Tartar / Vinegar / Lime Juice

Cocoa Powder Dutch Processed
3 tbsp
3tbsp Natural Cocoa Powder + ⅛ tsp Baking Powder

Cottage Cheese
1 Cup
Ricotta Cheese
1 Cup
Confectioner’s Sugar
1 Cup
1 Cup Granulated Sugar + 1 tbsp Cornstarch processed in a blender till fine and sifted

Corn Syrup
1 Cup
Honey
1 Cup
Cream Cheese
1 Cup
Pureed Cottage Cheese
1 Cup
Creme Fraiche
1 Cup
1 Cup Sour Cream / Mascarpone Cheese



OR 1 Cup Whipping Cream + 1 tbsp Buttermilk / Yogurt

OR ½ Cup Whipping Cream + ½ cup Sour Cream

Cream of Tartar
½ tsp
½ tsp white vinegar / lemon juice

Cream, Half & Half
1 Cup
⅞ cup (210ml) Full cream milk + 1 tbsp melted unsalted butter

Cream, Heavy
1 Cup
⅔ cup Whole milk + ⅓ cup (75gms) melted unsalted butter
Cream, Light Whipping
1 Cup
¾ cup whole milk + ¼ cup (57gms) melted unsalted butter

Gelatin
1 tbsp Granulated
Agar Agar
2 tsp
Greek Yogurt



Hazelnuts
1 Cup
Almonds
1 Cup
Lemon Grass
2 Fresh Stalks
Lemon Zest
1 tbsp
Molasses
1 Cup
¾ cup brown sugar + 1 tsp creme of tartar

Pastry Flour
2 Cups / 270 gms
1 ⅓ cup Plain Flour + ⅔ Cup cake flour

Potato Starch
1 tbsp
Corn Starch
1 tbsp
Red Wine
1 Cup
1 Cup Grape Juice / Pomegranate Juice / cranberry juice

Ricotta Cheese
1 Cup
Dry Cottage Cheese
1 Cup
Self Raising Flour
1 Cup / 130 gms
1 Cup flour + 1.5 tsp Baking Powder + ¼ tsp Salt

Sour Cream
1 Cup
1 Cup Plain Yogurt

OR 1 Cup Milk + 1 tbsp Lime juice / Vinegar and rest 10 mins

White Wine
1 Cup
1 Cup Apple Juice / White Grape Juice

Wine
1 Cup
1 Cup Chicken / Beef Broth

OR 1 Cup Fruit Juice + 2 tsp Vinegar

OR 1 Cup Water


Reference:
food.unl.edu
joyofbaking.com
allrecipes.com
fitday.com

Happy Cooking!


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